A beehive product with multiple properties like honey, royal jelly and propolis, pollen contains numerous nutrients and offers multiple benefits to contribute to your wellbeing and vitality each day. Discover its benefits and how to take it properly!

What is pollen?

Pollen is male sperm from the reproductive system of the plant world. When the bee forages from flowers, it collects pollen using its hind legs. Mixing this pollen with a little honey (or nectar) and saliva, it forms small balls to take back to the hive in its pollen baskets.

Having returned to the hive, it is packed into dedicated cells, leading to the formation of bee bread, also called ambrosia. It is used to feed the oldest broods and also serves as a privileged food for nurse bees producing royal jelly. For bees it is an important source of protein.

Bee pollen and allergies

It must be noted that bee pollen (that is, entomophilous pollen) and anemophilous pollen (transported by the wind) are slightly different. Entomophilous pollen is not allergenic because common pollen allergies are not caused by ingestion but by inhalation. Entomophilous pollen allergy is therefore very rare, and above all, independent from an existing allergy to anemophilous pollen.

History of pollen

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Characteristics of pollen

The characteristics of pollen, as with honey or propolis, mainly depend on the species of flower from which it is collected, the season, as well as the geographic region. Fresh pollen contains a large number of nutrients which gives it its marvellous properties. Additionally, almost half of its composition is made up of carbohydrates, proteins and amino acids and fats, as well as vitamins, minerals and trace elements such as iron, magnesium and even potassium.


This very rich composition allows bee pollen to act to support the body during changes of season or periods considered to be higher risk, such as the winter season. A pollen treatment may therefore be recommended in case of temporary fatigue, athletic preparation, or to contribute to maintaining the normal function of the immune system. Fresh or dry pollen will also help promote your gastrointestinal wellbeing.

Use of pollen

So as not to damage the colony, beekeepers collect a small proportion of the pollen for human consumption.

In hives dedicated to the collection of pollen, the main entrance is equipped with a grille which allows bees to pass through it while blocking the balls of pollen collected, allowing it to be collected directly in a tray for this purpose. A secondary entrance is also kept so that the “bee bread” can be produced by the worker bees.

Once collected this fresh pollen can be kept for one to two weeks without risk. However, for longer preservation, one of two processes must be carried out:

  •  Freezing
  • Partial dehydration by drying.

In general, it can be consumed daily with one to two spoons per day, for internal action. It can also be consumed with honey, milk or even coffee.

To enjoy the benefits of organic polyfloral pollen, Propolia invites you to discover it in the form of fresh or dry pollen, based on your preferences. Collected in France from organic agriculture, our pollen products and bee bread are formulated without gluten and without preservatives.

You can also find pollen and bee bread in our Tonic potion®, where it is combined with honey and propolis, and even in our P.A.P.A. capsules which contribute to gastrointestinal wellbeing.